Birkat Hamazon, known in English as the Grace After Meals, (Yiddish: בענטשן; translit. bentshn or "to bench"; Yinglish: Benching), is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Law prescribes following a meal that includes bread or Matzoh made from one or all of wheat, barley, rye, oats, spelt. It is a matter of rabbinic dispute whether Birkat Hamazon must be said after eating certain other bread-like foods such as pizza.
Though technically a series of blessings, Birkat Hamazon takes on the form of prayers which are typically read silently for ordinary meals, and often sung or chanted for special meals such as the Shabbat, festivals and special occasions. observant Jews must recite these blessings after every meal containing the appropriate type of bread. Birkat Hamazon can be found in almost all Siddurim ("prayerbooks") and is often printed in a variety of artistic styles in a small booklet called a birchon (Hebrew) or, among Jews of Eastern European descent, a bentcher (Yiddish).